DuSoft, Non-Woven Gauze Sponges 2×2
4 ply, Non-Sterile
Rayon/Polyester non-woven fabric, non-sterile
Frequently Asked Questions
What are Gauze Sponges 2×2?
Gauze sponges 2×2 are disposable medical supplies commonly used in medicine and surgery. They are ordinarily made of gauze and are used to absorb blood and other fluids as well as clean wounds. When used in surgery, they are called surgical sponges 2×2.
Common sizes include 5 cm × 5 cm (2 in × 2 in) along with 7.5 cm × 7.5 cm (3 in × 3 in), and 10 cm × 10 cm (4 in × 4 in).
The materials used in the manufacturing of gauze sponges 2×2 for medical purposes include cotton and non-woven materials. In addition to its many sizes, plies, and fabrics, gauze sponges 2×2 can also be sterile and non-sterile. The open weave design of gauze sponges 2×2 assists with the removal of dead tissue from the skin surface as well as vertically wick fluid from the wound onto any secondary dressing to assist with preventing maceration of skin tissue.
Surgical sponges left in body cavities after surgery may cause complications, and are a common sort of surgical error. For this reason, counting them as they are used and removed is a common checklist item. When non-radiopaque sponges are forgotten during surgeries, “Textiloma” or “gossypiboma” are formed. Some sponges include a radiopaque strip so that they can be located by X-ray.
How to dress and bandage a wound?
It’s necessary to dress and bandage a wound in order to protect it from contamination during the healing process while keeping the right balance of moisture by absorbing excess drainage.
Dressing and bandaging are two different but closely related concepts. A dressing goes directly against the wound to absorb excess fluids (called exudate) and prevent foreign debris from getting inside after you’ve already cleaned it. The purpose of bandaging is to protect and hold the dressing in place.
Some products, such as the standard Band-Aid, are a hybrid. The white gauze pad is the dressing and the tan adhesive strip is the bandage.
Dressing and bandaging is one step in the overall process:
- Get bleeding under control (use a tourniquet if it’s serious)
- Clean the wound.
- If it makes sense, close the wound (sutures, staples, etc.)
- Dress and bandage
- Use your head. Get professional help if you can.
Simple combo bandages are great for simple injuries. But larger wounds and those in awkward or active body locations tend to need more specialized solutions where you mix multiple components together.
Because one of the most important parts of the healing process is to prevent more contamination, you should use a proper, sterilized (ideally sealed) dressing. Try not to touch or contaminate the parts that will touch the wound.
Whatever dressing you use should be slightly larger than the wound itself to create a little overlap. It’s fine to use several dressings to cover a larger injury.
If the dressing is a basic dry material, such as standard gauze sponges 2×2 or a cloth, you should add a thin layer of white petroleum jelly directly to the materials. The petroleum jelly will help keep the wound moist and prevent the dressing from sticking to the wound or scab.
Lay the gauze sponges 2×2 dressing flat over the wound. If you can, use small medical tape around the edges to hold the dressing in that spot as you begin bandaging.
You have more flexibility in picking the bandaging material because it doesn’t directly contact the wound. A bandage can be rolled gauze, elastic, or even plastic saran/cling wrap. It’s helpful if the bandage is stored rolled so that you can easily wrap it around the patient.
Making the bandage too tight delays healing because blood brings the body’s healing supplies to the wound. Make it just tight enough to keep the dressing protected.
Rolled gauze is a common component in field kits and can be used as both a dressing and bandage by cutting off pieces to fit over the wound as a dressing, leaving the rest to form the bandage.
A gauze roll works well on tricky areas like the head and joints. You use it just like you would an elastic bandage: wrap the gauze around the dressing in overlapping layers, then secure with tape.
The biggest problem with rolled gauze is that it is absorbent and can stick to the dressing (and underlying wound), or can pick up moisture from the environment. It also obscures the dressing and is not easily reused once tainted.
Tip: Just like with elastic bandages, gauze has a “direction” and should easily unroll around the patient while allowing you to maintain control of the unused portion. There is no need to unroll it before use.